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Resistance to War 1914-1924

Tuesday 18 - Thursday 20 March, 2014

Day One: Friday 18th March 2016

Keynote Lectures
Sarah Hudspith ‘A world without borders: Tolstoy’s vision of peace’
June Hannan ‘Isabella Ford: campaigning for peace as a socialist and a feminist in World War One’
Benjamin Ziemann (University of Sheffield) ‘Resistance to War in Germany, 1914-1918’

Panel 1: Legacies of Commemoration
Christian Bartolf ‘Karl Kraus, Kurt Tucholsky, Carl von Ossietzky and the “Nie Wieder Krieg!“ (Never again War!) demonstrations between 1919 and 1924 in Germany and Austria’
Irit Dekel ‘Remembering Ernst Friedrich and his post-WWI anti-war legacy’
Christina Theodosiou ‘Remembering 1917: anti-war commemorations in France in the aftermath of the Great War’

Panel 2: Jewish Resistance
Markus Kirchhoff ‘Intermediaries between Nations? German-Jewish Political Opposition to War 1914–1919’
Cynthia Wachtell  ‘One Man Among Many: New York’s Socialist Jews and Resistance to World War One’
Jagoda Wierzejska “Everywhere in today Europe we are inheritors of ourselves”: Remarks on the pacifistic idea in the works of Józef Wittlin’

Panel 3: Anti-militarism
Anders Ahlbäck  ‘Army critique, democratization and male citizenship in the Nordic countries, 1900–1930’
André Keil  ‘Activists, the State and the Struggle for Civil Liberties: The Union of Democratic Control and the Bund Neues Vaterland during the First World War’
Brigitte Rath ‘War Resistance in Gendered Contexts: The National and International Efforts of the Austrian “Bund der Kriegsdienstgegner”

Panel 4: International Resistance and Literary Representations of Resistance
Avi Klein ‘The Strike Against War’
Aled Eirug ‘Opposition to the Great War in Wales’
Marie-Michèle Doucet ‘Disarmament of Hatred through Children’s Literature: Madeleine Vernet’s Tales of Peace and Reconciliation’
Martin Malone ‘Re-reading the Canon’

Panel 5: Resistance and Gender and Literary Representations of Resistance
Sarah Hellawell ”Freedom lies at the Bottom of these great Problems”: A Feminist Campaign for Peace’ Philippa Read ‘In Defence of Life: Marcelle Capy’s Resistance to War’
Sabine Grimshaw ‘Representation and Resistance: Anti-War Women during the First World War’ Corinne Painter ”Better to be killed than to Kill”: Pacifism and Jewish Identity in the Works of Clementine Krämer (1873-1942)’

Day Two: Saturday 19th March 2016

Panel 1: Individual Women/Feminist Resistance
Karen Hunt ‘An anti-militarist not a pacifist: Dora Montefiore and the Great War’
Sandi Cooper ‘Feminism Fractured: World War I as a Watershed’
Barbara Winslow ‘Sylvia Pankhurst: Not a peace campaigner, but a feminist, socialist, suffragette AND activist against the British government’s WWI campaign’
Alison Ronan ‘The Manchester No-Conscription Fellowship Maintenance Committee 1916-1918: Quakers and socialists creating a geographical and symbolic site of resistance’

Panel 2: Fighting Against Different Fronts
Gabriel Carlyle and Emily Johns ‘Resisting Empire’s Call: Resistance to the First World War in the Global South and the Fourth World’
Phillip Dehne ‘The quest to end neutrality: Lord Robert Cecil’s plan for perpetual peace’
David Murphy ‘No More Wars, No More Empires: Pacifism and the birth of anti-colonial discourse in France’

Plenary Panel: Conscientious Objectors
Julian Putkowski ‘Engagement, Disengagement and Resistance’
Cyril Pearce ‘Communities of Resistance – Mapping British Conscientious Objectors’
Lois Bibbings ‘Gender Dissidents and Gender Dissidence: Conscientious Objectors, Suffragists and Suffragettes’
Martin Crick ‘British Socialism and the First World War’
Nick HileyNick Hiley
Chloë Mason Internal Security and Justice in Wartime, or in any Time of Terror?’

Panel 1: Haringey and the First World War
Valerie Flessati, Jennifer Bell, Joanna Bornat and John Hinshelwood ‘Haringey men who said No: Conscientious Objection in a London borough: Introducing the work of Haringey First World War Peace Forum’

Panel 2: Creative Resistance to War
Alison Kay and Jane Sparkes ‘“Human freight”: The experience of FAU ambulance train men’
River Wolton ‘Derbyshire Courage of Conscience: Developing resources for schools, and creative responses from young people’

Day Three: Sunday 20th March 2016

Panel 1: Cultural Resistance to War I
Thomas Schneider ‘The First Real War Poems”: Reactions of German Pacifist Publishers to World War I, 1914–1918’
Stephan Resch ‘Stefan Zweig in Swiss exile: Escapism or Resistance to War?’
Peter Van den Dungen ‘Frans Masereel’s Visual Condemnation of War and Militarism (1915-1920)’

Panel 2: Classics and Resistance*
Professor Angie Hobbs ‘Introduction on Classics in WW1’
Professor Lorna Hardwick ‘The poetics of slippery concepts: WW1 receptions of ancient peace, power and struggle’
Dr Elizabeth Pender ‘Hellenic Idealism: from Gilbert Murray to the Union of Democratic Control’
Professor Miranda Hickman ‘Iphigenia and ‘The Sight of Ships’: H.D.’s Euripidean Resistance to WWI’
Please note, Professor Hobbs, Professor Hardwick and Dr Pender’s talks feature on the same video.

Ego Documents
Christa Hämmerle ‘Concepts of Peace in Ego-Documents of Austrian Women and Women’s Journals (1914- 1918/1919)
Angelique Leszczawski-Schwerk ‘Emotional Resistance to War – The Diary of Magdalena (Webersfeld) Bylczynska (1914-1917)’

Panel 4: Military Occupations and Resistance to War, 1914-1924
Emmanuel Debruyne ‘Resisting Resistance: the German Secret Police in Occupied Belgium and France’
Tammy Proctor ‘American Neutrality and the Urge to Resist in Belgium and Northern France.’
James Connolly ‘Mightier than the Sword? Notable Protests in the Occupied Nord, 1914-1918′

Panel 5: Cultural Resistance to War II
Clive Barrett“Once for Every Man and Nation” – Songs of War Resistance, 1914-1918.’
John Mullen‘Resisting war priorities in song: a comparison of Britain and France’
Donna Coates‘Reading Issues of National Identity through Peaceful Canadian and Belligerent Australian Women’s Great War Fictions.’

Panel 6: Legacies and Commemoration of Resistance
Marc Calvini-Lefebvre ‘From Greenham to the Hague and on to Kabul: what place for history in feminist resistance to war?’
Daniel Prosterman ‘To Ensure a Permanent and Universal Pacification”: The Great War and the Forging of a Global Anti-Nuclear Movement’
Wendy Chmielewski ‘Resources for researching Opposition to WW1’

Plenary Panel: War Trauma and Shellshock
Carol Acton ‘They make a wilderness and call it peace: Storm Jameson, Irene Rathbone and the female gaze on post-war suffering’
Elizabeth Benjamin ‘The Surgeon and the Photographer: the Transplantation of Trauma and the Reappropriation of Resistance’
Jessica Meyer ‘There really was such a thing as shell shock”: Reconsidering psychological trauma as resistance to war’

Conference organiser:  Dr Ingrid Sharp